You’ve just gotten started with RPG Maker MV, or maybe you’ve been using it for a while. You know what that RegioinID Layer is for. It’s for determining monster areas, right?


And you are right. that is the most immediate use of it. But there is more. You can do so much more. Events can also reference RegionID. So, let’s look at how that can be used.

Finding RegionID

The first thing we need to know how to do is to determine the RegionID of the map tile the player is standing on. This is something you will be using over and over again once you know how, so I suggest making this into a Common Event. Common Events can be called from other Events. That way, instead of putting these lines of code in every time you need to check, you can just put in one line “Call Common Event” and it will do it for you.

There are three variables you will need to store to get a player’s RegionID. Like I’ve mentioned before with generic count variables, this is so common, I almost suggest the first three variables in every single game be these: Player X, Player Y, and Player RegionID.

The first command you will need is Control Variables. Use the Game Data Operand to set variable Player X to Map X of Player. This will store the Player’s X coordinate on the map in the variable.


Repeat this process with variable Player Y and the operand Map Y of Player. Now we have the coordinates that the Player is standing on. With that, we can determine what the RegionID of that tile is. All we need to do is use the Get Location Info command, tell it to store in the Player RegionID variable, select Info Type Region ID, and use variable designation, picking Player X and Player Y.


And with that, I have a Common Event that I can call from any Event that can immediately grab the Player’s X and Y coordinates, and what the RegionID of that tile is.


But what can we USE that for?

Example Use: Arrow Flooring

A mechanic seen in tons of games, you are in an area, there are floors with arrows on them, and when you step on the arrows, your character is pushed in the direction indicated.

Now, you could do this with just a  bunch of events. There is no need to check RegionID; you could just have each arrow be a Player Touch Move Route Player in X direction event. But what if I told you it could all be done with ONE event.

First, draw out your floor plan and your arrows.


This is an incredibly simplistic map, but it’s perfect for showing off the process.

The next step is to assign each direction arrow a different RegionID, in my example, I’m going to use the following:

  • Right: 1
  • Down: 2
  • Left: 3
  • Up: 4

Take your RegionIDs and paint them on the appropriate arrows.


So now, instead of making every arrow an event, all we have to do is make ONE parallel process event that moves the player around based on what RegionID he is standing on.

So open up a new event (I’m partial to placing them in the upper left corner when they are invisible behind the scenes events myself), and set it to Parallel Process. Remember, Parallel Process Events will run in the background indefinitely as long as they are active.

The first thing it needs to do is record where your character is standing. To do that, we just need to call our common event with the command appropriately titled “Call Common Event”.

Call Common Event

After that, it’s just a series of easy conditional branches. If Variable “Player RegionID” = 1 Move route: Right, If 2, Move down, if etc. Remember to unselect Wait until finished. This prevents the character from taking control between two tiles.

After you are done, you should have an event that looks like this:


With this event, we’ve cut the number of events on the map DRAMATICALLY. It also makes bugfixing faster. If you have a problem with the Event, you can edit just this one, rather than having to edit every single iteration of the Event on the map.

You can also check the demo version of this project HERE, for a better understanding of the process.

There are tons of ways to use RegionIDs in eventing, can you think of more? Have any questions about the process? Can you think of any way to improve this? Tell us in the comments below!



With the RPG Maker Free Steam Weekend here, featuring MASSIVE sales, the Team Fortress 2 Character Pack, a giveaway, and amazing announcements like the Steam Workshop Beta, I’m sure I am seeing a lot of new faces out there. You’ve heard about RPG Maker for years, but you never thought you could make a game, you thought, “Making a game is too hard for someone like me.” But you have a weekend to play with RPG Maker MV and you think, “You know what, what do I have to lose. Maybe I can finally make my own game.”

So you’ve downloaded the program, opened it up, and are seeing the Engine for the first time. RPG Maker is not hard to use, but at first glance, there is so much to do that it can be a bit overwhelming. That is why we’ve prepared this quickstart guide, to get you on your way to making your game, your way.

What makes RPG Maker special, and what drew me to RPG Maker to begin with is that it allows anyone to make a game. You don’t have to know how to code, you don’t have to know how to make art, you don’t have to know how to make music. I don’t know how to do any of those things. But I can make a game, and you can too. All it takes is getting to know the three main parts of the RPG Maker engine. This won’t be a tutorial. It won’t explain how to do everything, but it will give you the basics of where to get started and how things work together.

The Map Editor

The first thing everyone sees when they first open RPG Maker is the map editor. It’s there when you open the program, and it’s there when you close it down.

MapEditorWhen you first make your project, you are greeted with this nice green expanse. The beginning of a world map, although a very tiny one. The Map Editor is very simple to use, kind of like using a simple paint program.

Just grab a tile over on the palette to the left, and start drawing on the map. You have various tools across the top, such as pencil, square, circle and fill. Just a bit of time drawing with the water and I’ve made a small island. All those years as a kid drawing silly things in MS Paint are really paying off.


One of the cool things that RPG Maker does is called Auto-Tiles. If you’ll notice, when I drew with the water tile, it automatically made beach borders for me. This is what auto-tiling does. Instead of storing a different permeation of each angle and border possible, it uses a collection of 24×24 tiles (the tile size is 48×48) to draw the proper tiles dynamically as you put them in.

After adding a few mountains and forests to my map, I’m sure you are thinking, but where is all the cities and ruins and all that? Not much of a map without those! Luckily we have more tabs of tiles. You’ll notice a B and C tab, which are second and third layer tiles for your game. They always layer on TOP of your Tile A tiles. You can layer two Tile B-E tiles on top of each other. There is also the R tab. This is for Region IDs, which are not visible to the player and used mostly for defining monster areas, but also can be used in other ways by more skilled users.


The last thing you’ll need to know about the Map Editor to jump in and explore is making new maps and the Map Properties. To make a new map, just right click in the map list under the palette and click new. This will pull up the Map Properties for the new map. Here you can select which tileset you want to use (the default map was using Overworld, MV comes with the ones shown below by default), how big your map will be, what music plays on the map, and what monsters appear in which region IDs.


You can also right-click and select Load to check out a large collection of sample maps that help you understand how to use the tiles provided.

But looking at your map, how do the players DO anything on it other than to walk around? That leads us to the second important aspect that all beginner RMers need to learn:

The Event Editor

Events are the heart of the non-combat Gameplay in an RPG Maker. Anything on a map that you want your player characters to interact with or to interact with the player characters is an Event. Starting a cutscene? That is an event as well. Mapping is like the skin. Eventing is the nervous system. It moves the game.

To make an event, first, switch to the event layer by pressing the event layer button at the top of the editor…


Then you can right-click on the map and select “New” to make a new event at that location. The event editor has a bunch of stuff going on, but once you learn the basics, it’s not hard. Over on the left are your “Conditions”. This tells the engine when this event should be active. Then below that, you have what the event looks like, how it moves, whether it is above, below, or on the same level as the characters, and how the event starts.


The Trigger (how the event starts) is very important to getting a good jump start on how to make different events. The five triggers are:

  • Action Button: Event starts when the player hits the action button while standing on the same tile as (for Priority Below and Above) or while facing (Priority Same) the event.
  • Player Touch: Event starts when the player runs into it.
  • Event Touch: Event starts when the event runs into the player.
  • Autorun: Event starts the moment all conditions are met and you are on the same map.
  • Parallel: Event runs the same as an Autorun event, but it runs in the background.

You also have pages. You can create new pages in an event, which create different tabs across the top. The active part of the event will ALWAYS be the page that is furthest right where all conditions are met. A simple event that would use event pages is an NPC say a different thing when talking to him a second time.


At this point, we’ve covered how an event shows up, how it activates, and even which version of it is being used, but how do we tell it what to DO? That is what the big box labelled contents is for. Any event commands in that box will activate from top to bottom once an event is started. To add a command just double click on the contents box and…


Ok, before you get too stressed at seeing three pages of commands, make sure to look at them first. Most of them are super self-explanatory. There are so many so to give you the power to do all those things, but they aren’t complicated. Change HP, Change MP, Change TP, all very simple to understand, it’s just manipulating the characters resources a bit. You also have the obvious event flow controls. Changing variables and switches, Loops, Conditional Branches.

A simple event that asks the players if they have a potion, and then checks if they have one, would take about a minute of adding commands and look something like this:


Basic events will take you just an hour or so playing around in the editor to learn. Complex events are just a matter of time invested. The more you use RPG Maker, the more power you will have.

And now that we’ve taken a quick look at the Event Editor, I’m sure you are asking a question: But where do I make these heroes. Where do I make these items and weapons and enemies? That leads to the final part of RPG Maker that all beginners need to know how to use:

The Database

The Database is exactly what it sounds like. It’s where you store all the information that your game uses. If mapping is the skin, and eventing is the nervous system, the Database is your bones. It gives the shape to your game and gives you your moving parts. You can get to the Database by either clicking the cogwheel button at the top or going to Tools => Database.

Now if you’ve worked with databases before, don’t be worried! This isn’t just a collection of rows and columns and numbers. Its all organized in a nice, easy to understand visual interface.


Going down the tabs on the left, most everything here is pretty easy to understand for an RPG playing veteran.

  • Actors: Your Player Characters
  • Classes: The Classes for your Player Characters
  • Skills: All the Skills usable by your Player Characters and the Enemies
  • Items: Weapons/Armors: The Items and Equipment your Player Characters use.
  • Enemies/Troops: Enemies holds the stats for the individual enemies, you group them together in Troops for how they are encountered together.
  • States: These include the states that can be inflicted on characters and enemies. Like Poison/Sleep/Etc.
  • Animations: All the animation data for skills is held here. Without this, your fireball wouldn’t… fireball.
  • Tilesets: This is the configuration for what is in each of your tilesets, and which tiles can be walked through/under or block your path.
  • Common Events: These are events you can either call from other events, for if you are going to use a string of commands often, or events that you need to run globally.
  • System: This is a lot of miscellaneous pieces of your game: Using side view or not? What music plays on the title screen? What is the title screen? What characters start in the party? And more.
  • Types: This is the types of equipment (such as sword/spear/etc, heavy armor/light armor/etc) and the types of magic (fire/wind/etc) that are in your game.
  • Terms: This lets you customize what your stats, currency, experience, and more are called. It also lets you customize battle messages and other automated messages in the game.

For a zoomed in view of what you will be doing in the Database, let’s look at the Weapons tab.


General Settings doesn’t cover anything you can’t figure out on your own. Name, the Icon it uses in the menu, a short description, Weapon Type, Cost, and the Animation it uses. Then below you have how it changes Parameters. In the lower right, you have Notes, which are mostly used just for writing things down for your own use and are not used by the Engine.

The upper right, though, that is where a lot of power lies. That is the Traits window. Traits are extra little bonuses that apply when a character or enemy has them. Traits can be on any equipment giving it to the character that has it equipped. They can also be given to Actors, Classes, Enemies, or even States. Let’s open up a new Trait to see what all we can change with it.


Over these tabs, you can affect how well different spells and attack types affect the Character/Enemy, their stats, how their basic attack works, what skills they have access to, what equipment they can and can’t use, and many other things.

Because these can be applied to a combination of overlapping pieces (weapons/armor/classes/actors), this can make some fairly complex progression systems without a ton of hassle. Exploring the database will unlock more and more facets of what you can do, but this should give you a good overview of where to look for each thing.

And remember, if you are ever curious what something does, you can hover over it for a quick tip.


So you know your way around the Map Editor, the Event Editor, and the Database. What else could a beginner maybe want to explore?

  • The Character Generator: Easily make sprites and faces for new characters from component parts.
  • The Resource Manager: Quickly import new audio or graphic materials. Either ones you’ve made yourself, our official resource packs, or ones you’ve found on the web (always remember to credit!)
  • The Plugin Manager: Add plugins either you’ve written yourself in Javascript, or from around the web to change the way RPG Maker works.

One of the coolest things about RPG Maker that you should learn is that, despite being this simple to use. Despite a beginner only needing to learn a few things to make a simple game, the entire engine is written in Javascript and is COMPLETELY accessible to the end user. What this means is that you can write your own plugins. Plugins can make your game do almost anything if you take the time to code it.

But in a lot of cases, you won’t have to. You can find great coders around the net, and on our forums, who make plugins that are free for anyone to use. Always make sure to check their license, but a lot of them even allow commercial use.

You can make a simple game with just a little bit of knowledge, but the more you learn, the more your game can grow. So get out there, download RPG Maker MV in the Steam free weekend, and be the game dev you’ve always wanted to be.


It is time for another quick eventing tutorial! Our last two covered flipping switches in the right order and pressing a button quickly when given a prompt. Today, we’ll cover making an event where pressing a combination of keys in the proper order does something in the game.

You can find this puzzle in plenty of games, such as entering the password to save Lucca’s mother in Chrono Trigger, playing the piano in Tifa’s old house in Final Fantasy VII, as well as a similar music-based puzzle in Undertale.

It goes like this: You are given a sequence of letters/sounds/notes to play, and each one is tied to a specific key on your input. You then go up to the event, press the keys in the proper order, and voila, you get something/advance the plot/whatever.

For this tutorial, I’m going to create an organ that when you play the notes in a certain order, you find a potion. Unfortunately, there are no individual music notes in MV’s default sounds, so instead, this organ, as designed by Bloody Stupid Johnson, makes animal noises.

It is particularly useful for playing Old MacDonald though.

It is particularly useful for playing Old MacDonald though.

In the map above, the note to the left tells you what keys make which noises, and the order from left to right of the animals is the proper order to play them in. Now, I know that this is not a hard puzzle for the player to solve but learning the eventing to make it work is the key here, not making a tricky puzzle. Here are the key commands:

  • Up = Chicken
  • Down = Cat
  • Right = Horse
  • Left = Dog

And with the order being Dog Cat Chicken Horse, the proper sequence is Left Down Up Right.

So once again, as with our previous eventing tutorials, the first question is: What information do I need to be able to store and access? This is a pretty simple list for this event.

  1. The Button Press order
  2. Whether you have gotten the potion or not.

The second one is just like a standard treasure chest, which is just a self-switch. This is always nice because that means we don’t have to clutter up the global switches/variables with it. The first one will require a variable because each step has 4 different options. Now, you may be thinking you need 4 variables, but I have a much easier method to use just one. I’ll show you how to do this as we make the event.


It doesn’t get easier than this.

The next step is to, in plain speak, walk through what you want the event to do.

  1. Wait for player to press a directional key.
  2. Record key pressed
  3. Repeat steps 1-2, 3 additional times.
  4. Check recorded key presses to see if it matches the correct order
    1. If Yes, give the player a potion, and switch the event to permanently off, end event processing.
    2. If No, reset the recorded key presses and end the event processing.

Waiting for a keypress is another good time to use a Loop, just like we did in our last tutorial. Create a loop, and have it break the loop when one of the four keys are pressed using conditional branches. Let’s go ahead and throw the sound effects in there too.

But what does the fox say?

But what does the fox say?

I’ve added a 30-frame wait command to make sure my loop isn’t starting too soon. This keeps it from catching any input the player happens to be holding when the event starts. You can copy the Loop + the Wait 30 frames 3 more times to get it to record the info 4 times. But how do we record all the information into one variable?

So each time we record the variable, why not, instead of using the set option to change it to a specific number, we use the add function on each step.


There are 4 steps. So during the first step, add 1000, 2000, 3000, or 4000 depending on the button pressed. During the 2nd add 100, 200, 300, or 400, the third 10, 20, 30, or 40, and during the final, 1, 2, 3, or 4.

This will give you a unique 4-digit number that is different with each input combination your player can make, as the steps never overwrite each other. A short section of the event would look like this:

This is the first loop.

This is the first loop.

With all the recording done, all that is left is the final bit of conditional branches to either give the potion or error out and reset the whole puzzle, and that is a snap. Make a conditional branch to check if your key sequence is correct (in my case Key Sequence should = 3214) In the conditional branch, just do the normal treasure chest style stuff. In an else branch, have it reset the puzzle by returning the Key Sequence variable to 0.

Nothing to it.

Nothing to it.

The last thing is to make the second, blank page that has the condition of “if Self Switch A = ON”, and you are done. Want to see the full event? You can download the demo here to get a look at the whole process!

So, this time, I’m going to give you a little homework for you to talk about in the comments:

  • If given one extra variable to work with, could you make this event run in fewer lines of event code?
  • Could you do the entire event with just one switch and one self-switch and not even use a variable?

Want to discuss the homework? Think you’ve figured them out? Or maybe you know another way to shorten this event? Have questions on how to implement something similar in your game? Join us in the comments section below.


So you want even MORE customization in creating characters, but you aren’t an artist. Or maybe you are an artist but you want to increase variety in your game by working with component parts.

Well, Over the last couple of weeks, between bouts of PAX East mania, I’ve sat down with Spriter Pro and its RPG Heroes Essentials Art Pack to see what it can do for us.

And the answer? A lot. Now, I’m not going to write a tutorial on using Spriter Pro. Mostly because, I doubt I could do better than the creators, who have a great series of tutorial videos and tips videos on Youtube, including one specific to this pack, and mostly because Spriter is a super powerful program that I myself am only just scratching the surface of. There is a LOT more you can do that I never even touched.

What I am going to do, is show you an overview of what you can do, and how easy it is to do. I’m planning to create a sprite for RPG Maker MV. So I load up the Female_48.smcl in the RPG Heroes pack and get to work. Now, the first thing you are going to see when you open this is what seems to be a character that took a tumble through a costume shop and yet somehow missed finding a shirt on the way down.


And suddenly your brain explodes cause you’re like “oh man, what do I do, do I have to delete each part I don’t want individually on each frame, this is going to take all day!”
Well, fear not, just go up to Window and Select Character Maps. Now you can just drag and drop from the list on the right to the list on the left to make your sprite from component parts.

You can quickly drop NO HEADGEAR, NO WINGS, etc to get rid of what you aren’t using, then start dragging across individual parts to get what you want. You can even have two different arm pieces. It took me just a few minutes to create this:


Though I’m sure you are probably thinking now, “But what if I don’t WANT all my characters to wear purple and blue, even if it is a very heroic shade of purple.” Well, that too is absolutely no problem. Just click the button with the image of a painter’s palette on it in the lower corner of the Character Maps and you can select whatever colors you want for your base colors, accents, skin, etc.

With just a few more minutes, I had this (ok, I really like the black on red aesthetics, probably something to do with where I grew up).


Now it’s just a few clicks, select the FullSpriteSheet animation in the animations window in the lower right, select File=>Export Animation to PNG/GIF. Switch up the settings to Keyframes only, sprite strip, with 3 horizontal and 4 vertical and done. You have an RPG Maker MV formatted sprite ready to use.


You can also export some animations for activating things like treasure chests and such, just check in the Animations window to see the automatically generated activation animations, and export those, as well as down sprites, too.

But what if you want a faceset to go with your character? Don’t tell me we’re going to have to draw that from scratch… nope. Spriter still has you covered. All of the portrait art is higher res, so we’ll need to move to Female_128.scml for this one.

But first, I can very quickly save the character I was using as shown in the export character tutorial, I’m sure you saw the save and load icons on the character maps window, and then load it up in Female_128.scml. Really I should have probably gone in the other direction, using the 128 size first, but I was just so focused on getting that sprite down, I neglected my need for a faceset!


There are also breathing and blinking animations for the portrait, though they would be a bit tricky to use in RPG Maker at this time. But they give you a small taste of what Spriter Pro can really do. You can even make custom animations for the sprites, it just takes a bit of experience in the editor, and you can have your character moving in ways that would be incredibly time-consuming to replicate with just hand spriting skills in a graphics editor.

You can use it for creating more monsters. You can even animate them if you are using an animation script. You can use it to design battle animations. You can do almost anything with 2D graphics you can think of.

If you aren’t an artist, Spriter Pro gives you a good framework to use the pieces it comes with and its many packs. There is plenty to work with, and you can make a staggering array of sprites and faces with just what you get in the RPG Heroes set. If you are an artist: The sky is the limit. You could make almost anything. Build the component parts and then you can put it together any way you like.

Spriter Pro is nearly perfect for RPG Maker. And in the future, I believe we can even bridge that gap between nearly perfect and perfect. Keep an ear to the ground for more news

Have you ever used Spriter Pro? What did you think of it? Or maybe you have questions about it? Join us in the Comments below!

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Time for another Golden Week Tutorial! Remember this is the last day of Golden Week, and time is running out to get huge deals on all things RPG Maker, or perhaps win a copy of RPG Maker MV, but its also time for some event tutorials to teach you some new techniques!

Harold has decided that a good way to spend his Golden Week vacation is on a fishing trip! So he has headed up to a mountain fishing village and found some “dark water” that signifies the fishing spot.

Why do fish always congregate in easy to identify spots anyway?

Why do fish always congregate in easy to identify spots anyway?

So, we’re going to do fishing kind of like in Animal Crossing. You start fishing at the spot, you wait a random amount of time for an indication that the fish is on the hook (in Animal crossing it was visual, in our event it will be auditory), then you press the OK button really fast and you catch a fish. If you are too early or too late, you miss it.

Just as with the last time, its important to think: What information do we need to track?

So in this case what do we need to track… Hmmm… Huh… Well. Nothing. There is nothing to track but how many fish the player has and that is done by just giving him more fish as items.

That DOESN’T mean though that we will not need a variable or switch. Sometimes you’ll need a variable or switch inside an event just to keep track of something specific to it. In the case of this event, we will need a Count variable again! This is to randomize the delay between the start of the event and the noise, as well as to measure the amount of time the player has to press the button. A generic Count/RNG variable is always useful to keep around just for these reasons. Sometimes you’ll even need multiple generic ones. We can do this with just one though. And if it was the same project as we did our ordered switch tutorial on, we could reuse that one.

Pretty easy variable/switch list this time around.

Pretty easy variable/switch list this time around.

Now we need to work on the second part. In plain text, what should the event do.

  1. Wait a random amount of time between 1 and 6 seconds.
    1. Did the player press the OK button during this time? Give too early message, end event.
  2. Play the Splash Sound Effect.
  3. Wait 1/2 second.
    1. Did the player press OK during this time? Give the player a fish, end event
    2. Did the Player fail to press OK during this time? Give a fail message, end event

So first, we need to add a Wait 30 to the beginning of the event. Why? 30 frames is half a second. This gives the program time to differentiate between the press that started the event, and the beginning of player input for the wait period. If you don’t add this in, it will read the player still having the button pressed from hitting OK to start the event.

Now, you are thinking, well, I just need to Wait a random amount between 30-270 right? That will fill out the 1-6 seconds. So store a random number between 30-270 in the Count variable and then wait that amount.

There are two reasons this won’t work. 1. You can’t wait a Variable amount of time, and 2. You can’t then check if a button was pressed during that time. Instead, we’ll need to use a Loop. Loops are super useful in lots of situations, they basically just keep doing the same thing over and over until you tell the program to break the loop.

So, you had the beginning right, First, drop that random number between 30-270 in the Count variable. But then, we want to start a loop. So we want the loop to do these things. Wait 1 frame, check if the player hit the OK button, have it tell him too early and break out of the loop if he doesbreak, subtract one from the Count Variable, check if the Count Variable = 0, and if it does, break the loop, if it doesn’t, go back to Wait 1 Frame and repeat. This is a very simple Loop, and learning to understand it will build up your ability to do other similar puzzles. This is what it would look like.


So we Wait half a second, determine a random amount of time between half a second and 5 and a half seconds, Then start a loop that counts down that amount of time and breaks the loop if the count hits 0 or the character hits the button too soon.

Now we just need to create the loop inside the If: Count = 0 Conditional Branch. Its pretty much identical to the original loop, but instead we set our Count variable (which we can use again since its not being used anymore) to 30 for half a second, and play a sound before it. And this time, hitting the button during it is SUCCEEDING and not hitting it is failing. With being so close to the original loop, I’m not going to repeat the process of creating it, but it should look like the following, starting at the If: Count = 0:


So, did you follow along? Why not check out the demo HERE? Can you find a more efficient way to create this event? Or maybe you have questions of how it is made? Join the comments below!


To continue our Golden Week Celebration, where you can currently get huge deals on all things RPG Maker, and perhaps win a copy of RPG Maker MV, I’ve also decided its a good time to do a couple of Golden Week Tutorials!

Today, I have a tutorial requested by a fan on Facebook. If I have 4 switches, and they have to be flipped in a specific order, how do I event this puzzle in RPG Maker? I’ll also include a demo at the end.

Now, this is a pretty common puzzle in RPGs and Adventure games. Figure out the order, flip the switches, carry on.

So I draw out a quick map with the events mocked up for it to work with.


The first thing I like to do when creating an event I don’t know how to do yet is break things down by writing down all the information I will need to store. If you think of what needs storing from the beginning you can usually figure things out pretty fast. So in our 4 switch order puzzle, these are the things that need to be stored:

  1. How many switches are flipped?
  2. Is a switch flipped
  3. What order was a switch flipped in
  4. Did the puzzle get completed?

Let’s start with number 3 and go backwards. Number 4 is obviously just a switch: Is the puzzle done. There isn’t any more information but off and on. So that is one switch. Number 3, the order the switches are flipped. That is a variable. One for each switch. Just store 0,1,2,3 in them as they are switched on.

But what about 2? Its obviously switches, and in a lot of cases you would use a self switch for this unless it was being referenced from an outside source, but they aren’t REALLY necessary. Instead, I could just have the variable from 3 have 0 = switch isn’t flipped. So each switch variable is now 0 = not flipped, 1-4 equals order flipped.

The last thing I need is a way to tell when all 4 switches are flipped. Technically I could just check if each of the 4 switch order variables are non-0, but making this its own separate variable will make it easier to store the variables for the others, as you will see shortly. So that leaves me with the following switches and variables:

variablesswitchesThis creates perhaps the simplest setup we can use. Technically, I can think of other ways to do it, some more complex, some more obtuse, but this is probably the ideal setup.

So, the first thing to do is create the first switch event. I’m going to remove all the graphical and audio parts from consideration other than fully on and fully off, because those are pretty simple, and not really part of the challenge of making the event (all it is is move events turning the event to make it look like its switching/opening). What we want to look at is the pure mechanical part of the eventing to understand it.

Now, let’s break down what should happen each time a switch is flipped. Writing down what you want an event to do in plain text makes it easier to conceptualize how it works and what you need to do with it. So this is what we need this event to do:

  1. It should increase the Count variable by 1, to show that 1 more switch has been flipped
  2. It should record the order the switch was flipped in the appropriate switch order variable.
  3. It should check if all the switches are flipped.
    1. If Yes, it should check if the order is correct
      1. If Yes, it should open the door.
      2. If No, it should reset the whole room
    2. If No, it should do nothing.

Number 1 is easy. Just Control Variables Count = Count +1.

Number 2 is also easy, and now you’ll understand why I made Count a separate variable instead of just checking if all the Order variables were nonzero. All we have to do, is set the appropriate Order variable to the Count variable with Control Variables.

So starting with the nested Conditional Branch for #3, we start with If Count = 4 so that you can tell if all 4 are flipped. Then we check each individual variable in nesting to make sure its the right numbers, if it is, switch the Door Open switch to On. Now, we could create an else branch for every single one of the nested conditional branches checking the Order, but that isn’t nearly as efficient. Since if they are all right, it flips a switch, you can instead put another conditional branch under the nested set, but still inside the If Count = 4 to check if the Door Open switch is Off. If it still is, then it resets the puzzle by changing all the order variables back to 0.

This is what the event should look like:


The first section changes Count up 1, then sets the switch order variable. Then if all switches are flipped (4), it checks if the order is right and then if it is flips the switch to turn the door on. Then if all the switches are flipped, and the door is NOT open, it resets the puzzle. Exactly what we needed.

After that, just set a second page that is the switch flipped if the Order variable is 1 or higher for it, and a second page on the door that is open if the Door Open variable is on. Copy over the contents to all 3 other switches, change the variable references in them and color, and bam. Done. You can of course, add in graphical stuff and audio (which I have done in the short demo of this puzzle that you can check out HERE), but the puzzle fundamentally works on a mechanical level here.

So, can you think of another way to do this? Maybe with less variables? Or maybe with shorter events? I actually have a more obtuse way ruminating in my head that uses less variables, let’s see if you can think of it. There is also part of the event that is duplicated that doesn’t actually need to be. Or maybe you have a question about the way I did things? Join us in the comments below.


PAX East is here, and we’re all working away as fast as we can. But I know what you are thinking. “Man, why couldn’t I make it.” (And if you are here, what are you doing reading this? Get out there and enjoy the show!).

We have a one-two combo of PAX East goodness to bring a bit of the experience to your living room, office, local library, or wherever you may be!

First, we have the PAX East LEGENDARY LOOT GIVEAWAY. We partnered with CyberpowerPC, AMD, and LG to bring you so many amazing prizes, you won’t even know what to do with yourself. Win processors, monitors, games, Steam cash, and way way more, today.


And after you’ve entered there? Why not see the video game adaptation of our Booth (with a bit more shenanigans than the real thing), with our full free game: Harold Vs PAX East!

You are Harold, aspiring adventure, carried through a portal to PAX East! Where he must complete quests around the booth to release a dragon from dark sorcery! But there is more to things than meets the eye. Watch trailers, check out awesome game posters. Solve puzzles, and fight the ULTIMATE BATTLE. Can Harold live up to the strength of his idol, the Legendary Ralph? Only you can decide!


Made in 2 weeks, by our community Manager Nick Palmer (Hey, that’s me), with art from almost our entire Art team, Harold VS PAX East shows the basics of what RPG Maker MV can do! Made without any plugins, you can see the true power of eventing! It boosts around an hour of gameplay, and some tricky puzzles. Always be ready to think outside the box!

Are you ready for the digital PAX East! What are you hoping to win in the giveaway? What is your favorite part of our game? Having a bit of trouble with a puzzle? Just want to say hello? Join us in the comments section below!



PAX East is just around the corner, and I’m sure a lot of you are thinking about the day that YOU will be the ones exhibiting a game, rather than just attending, a show like this.

So, what should you expect when you get out there? Well, we aren’t an indie dev presenting one single game, but we thought it could be fun to tell you a little bit about what it takes to put a booth together like ours.

To do that, I’ll be doing short interviews with three of our staff members who will be working at the booth. First will be Hirei, who is our convention organizer. Second will be Mark, our lead producer. And finally will be myself, our social media master.

Let’s get started.

So, PAX East is just around the corner. How does that make you feel?

Hirei: I’m actually very excited for the show but also a little worried by how much we still have to do in terms of prep work! This is probably one of my first game conventions I’ve gotten to organize a booth for so there’s always something new to learn…or stress out over. It’s a little bit different from other types of conventions such as anime cons or even game/tabletop cons.

Overall, I can’t wait to see our games being demo’d and enjoyed by fans both new and old on the showfloor. We’ve come so far from our tiny little Indie Megabooth in years previous ~

It warms my heart. <3

Mark: Coming hot off of GDC, I feel much more prepared for PAX East than I did prior. That said, PAX East is a much different beast. First off, we’ll be on the Boston Convention Center show floor instead of the relatively quiet 3rd floor West Hall of the Moscone Center. Second, instead of one game, there will be over a dozen titles running at once. Thirdly, there will be WAY more people funneling through. For a person who hates multitasking, it’s basically my worst nightmare!

If there is one thing I learned from GDC though it’s that I’m much more resilient and adaptable than I initially thought. PAX East will be both a learning and growing experience for me, and I’m excited about that. I’m also excited to show off many of these titles to the public for the first time!

Mark snapping a picture of the OneShot Dev showing off at GDC.

Mark took this picture of the OneShot Dev showing off at GDC.

Nick: Excited, nervous, happy, stressed. Its really a huge mix of an emotional bundle. There is still plenty of work left to do, but we have plenty of work behind us as well. It’s all the fun of going to a really cool Convention on a subject matter that you love, but combined with the highest pressure work deadlines that don’t literally involve someone dying if you fail.

But mostly, just proud. This just shows how far we’ve come since I came on with the company… 5 years ago I think? Our only game related software at the time I was brought on was RPG Maker. Now, I look at the team we’ve assembled, and the games we’ve put out, and it’s simply amazing. Mindblowing really. And to get to talk about that for a whole weekend? Who wouldn’t love that?

What is your job for the show? What does that mean? What have you been working on?

Hirei: My title unofficially is Convention Operations Manager, which is pretty much a term for someone who oversees or produces pretty much 50-90% of the planning that goes into the convention event. In this case though, I actually have been handling most of Degica’s North American convention appearances since last year’s Anime Expo 2015.

I handle everything from initial contact with the venue to secure boothspace to equipment rentals and print materials handling. I have a HUGE list of things I’ve done but I’d rather not bore (or possibly intimidate) anyone who is looking to display their games at conventions such as these.

The bulk of my work is done pre-show but I have to stay vigilant during the show in case any issues arise during in-booth events or other normal convention occurrences.

Either way, I am going to let Nick and Mark do most of the talking since I’m probably going to be too busy drawing away for the live demos. Speaking of which, Mark and Nick have both been very helpful with assisting me in terms of getting game information together / planning assists / social media. I’m really thankful to have assistance in working on such a large endeavor.

Mark: As lead producer, my job is to manage all the titles we’ll be showcasing. I’ve been working with Hirei on promotional material for all the games. This includes game flyers, info stands, and merch. I’ve also been working with Nick on coordinating announcements and social media coverage. He handles most of that stuff like a champ but I’m there whenever he needs more info or is missing an asset. I’m also in charge of the press outreach and scheduling appointments for press to come by and demo our titles.

On the show floor, I’ll actively be showcasing several of our titles, but short of cloning myself, there is no way I’ll be able to demo them all. Fortunately, we have staff members and volunteers that will also be working the booths. I have to make sure they have all the game information and talking points to knowledgeably discuss the titles with both press and attendees.

Nick: I’m our social media guy, plus I’m in charge of all our emails. That generally means anything you see about the show before the show either went through me, or was crafted by me directly, like the post you are reading right now. I also have a secret project going, but since it’s a secret, I can’t very well tell you about it, can I?

Admittedly, this means my pre-con work is actually probably the lightest of us three, so I try to give as much feedback and suggestions as I can on every decision that I can. We are looking at new things every day. Giveaway organization, competition organization, art for promotional items, art for the booth itself, getting equipment, deciding on which games to show.. The amount of stuff I see every day that I can have an opinion on is staggering.

At the actual show though, I’ll have a lot more to do. On top of the normal duties of talking to anyone and everyone who comes up asking about something, or is just showing interest, I also have my work cut out for me in getting interesting photos and information from the show to everyone who follows us on social media.

In the course of doing all this, what do you think is the biggest challenge?

Hirei: Deadlines. From my experience with working with all sorts conventions, deadlines are the number 1 killer. There are so many to keep track of along with tasks that need to be micro-managed in order to make sure that things go smoothly. Almost everything has a hard and concrete deadline that you need to be very wary of.

Late on that payment? Late fee for you or possibly no booth space or rental for equipment! Oh no, I forgot that it takes 3 days to produce these print items!? Then no print items for you during the show because it will arrive the day after the event ends.

Your deadlines will heavily influence your stress levels, your budget (hello rush shipping and production!), and ultimately on how smoothly your convention event runs. …Thankfully I can say that I’m not too bothered by deadlines since as an artist I’m very much used to deadlines being a part of my daily life.

I would say stress is also something to be very wary of especially for individuals who are new to event management. There’s a lot you have to get familiar with and quick and it can be overwhelming. And budget is a no brainer: Cons in general are expensive to exhibit at if you go to ones such as PAX East. But as a general rule of thumb, expect to pay for everything at premium or inflated prices.

Mark: Managing so many titles! At GDC, I had only one title I had to promote. Now I have over a dozen! It involves compiling tons of resources and delegating tasks between several people. Managing all that is enough to make your head spin! When it gets overwhelming, I like to walk away from my computer and go outside, meditate or make a fresh cup of tea. It’s important to take breaks and clear your head so you can make the right decisions instead of the quick ones.

Nick: I think it’s really two things. One is just not letting the stress get to you. Its really easy to have it crash down on you and spend a whole day not getting anything done. And that just makes it worse, cause now you have the stress of having one less day to work with. You have to just be able to work through it. Though I think Hirei is a bit more skilled at that than me. If I had all the paperwork to do that she did, I would have just cried until some time after PAX East was over and we would have had a pretty awful booth. (I kid you not, Hirei is a blessing to work with on this. She is invincible and it keeps me going.)

The second is all the work you can’t even help with. For instance, I’m not an artist. Seeing all the work that other people have in front of them, like making a bunch of art, that there is no way I can help with, I stress about them finishing, even though I KNOW how capable they are. I’ve never been that good with things outside of my control.

Anyway, to add something I directly worked on that I can talk about: Writing the same info four times for announcements was challenging. I wrote the blog and email for both Degica Games and RPGMakerWeb. The duplication without it all just looking exactly the same was a bit tricky. You’ll find yourself having to repeat yourself, sometimes so many times it becomes routine. You have to avoid falling into the rut of sounding bored with it. And once you hit the con itself? You’ll probably find yourself repeating the same things over and over all weekend. Make sure to keep up your enthusiasm!

Out of everything you are doing, what is the bright point that you find the most fun?

Hirei: I think the first WOW moment I had was when I finished putting together the 3D mockup with our booth with full art panels and everything.

It’s a very big booth compared to what Degica is used to and yet we have such amazing artwork adorning the walls! Not only can you find franchise artwork but also some great work by Michael.Galefire and I. He is one of our in-house artists who does battlepacks like the Sci-Fi one. It was very moving to see sort of an interactive overview of all the games we’ve worked on. We can’t wait to show the boothspace off!

Not going to lie I’m also very excited to make a certain well known hero come to life for a certain something that you will probably see in the booth.

Mark: I enjoy designing the promo materials for the games. Most of my job is replying to emails and chat messages and managing tasks across several projects so it’s a nice break to sit down and do something creative.

Nick: Seeing all the artwork! Hirei and Michael have been making some super amazing art in setting up for the show. Our booth is going to LOOK fantastic. The mockups I’ve seen have been crazy awesome. I can’t wait to take pictures of the real thing so that everyone can see it.

An example of some of the art done for the convention, our Stamp Rally card, with art by Michael.

An example of some of the art done for the convention, our Stamp Rally card, with art by Michael.

One other thing that has been super fun is my secret project. But once again, I can’t talk about that yet.

If you were able to start the whole show planning over again, what is the one thing you think you would want to handle differently?

Hirei: Plan earlier! I always feel like no matter what there’s always things we could do a lot better whenever I finish staffing for a convention. “Wish we could’ve done this or that, but we didn’t have enough time!” Deadlines are brutal and they will always make you cut out some details that you wished you had time for.

Mark: Locking down the list of titles. As we planned which titles to showcase at PAX East, new ones kept getting piled on. It made it more difficult to plan what materials would be needed for the booth. For future shows, I’d like to get those details hammered down earlier.

Nick: Start planning the day after I was born? Getting ready for a show like this is a super amount of fun. It’s like a dream, really. I mean, I’ve been making games as a hobby for about 2 decades now (started with QBASIC when I was 10 or 11), and I never dreamed I would ever get to be part of something like this. But it’s also so much work and I don’t even have the heaviest load. Whatever amount of time you think you will need, double it. Probably triple it.

It’s just like when you are working on a game. Whatever you think is the amount of work you will need to get it finished, you probably are forgetting some detail that will need to be worked out. And unlike your game, which you can put off if you don’t feel you are done, the show date won’t move for you.

What would be your advice for someone who wants to work on something like this one day?

Hirei: If you want to be involved as a dev at a convention or be an event planner, take time to plan out every detail and also get familiar with how conventions work. Being an exhibitor vs. an attendee is worlds different than what you might expect. Marketing yourself efficiently not only through words but also how you showcase your demo(s) and company are important skills to master.

If you plan on showcasing your game solo, be prepared to do everything from graphic design work to marketing during pre-con period. It helps a lot to have a small team with individuals who are efficient at their job so you can split the work.

Keep in mind that different conventions have different rules/regulations so read the Exhibitor’s Manual or Handbook carefully. It’s usually a textbook PDF but worth to look over.

As a game dev in general, just go for it. There’s nothing more exhilarating than achieving your dreams and doing what you love! I look forward to one day playing your games and seeing your demos on the showfloor!

Where Hirei shows off she can draw and me and Mark can't.

Where Hirei shows off she can draw and Mark and I can’t.

Mark: Conventions are hard; especially for us introverts. GDC was the hardest thing I ever did in my life. Standing around and interacting with people 8 hours a day for 5 days, repeating the same talking points over and over, was absolutely brutal.

But a lot of those interactions were amazing and I made a lot of great connections. Also nothing can beat the insights from watching people play your game in person. For anyone who is promoting a title, it’s a must!

Nick: Chase it. If you told me as a teenager I would be doing what I’m doing today, I would have literally laughed at you. When I was writing down what I wanted to be when I grew up, it was all practical jobs. Math Teacher being the highest on my list. I had another list that was my “yeah, right” list that included the things I’d REALLY love to have been. A writer. A game developer. Just anything in the game industry. I always thought those would be pipe dreams.

But it happened. It happened and now I’m not even sure how I’d go back to anything else. Be proactive about your dreams. Just because they seem farfetched doesn’t mean that you can’t do it. Yeah, you might never reach it, but you never know where you’ll end up if you try.

Its been nice to get a chance to talk about our jobs some. Have any questions? Just want to chat? Join us in the comments section below! And to everyone going to PAX East: See you on the show floor!

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Our devs have been hard at work, and its almost time for an update for RPG Maker MV, upgrading from 1.1.0 to 1.2.0. This will include several fixes, and several new features, all detailed below!

We estimate that it will be sometime around late next week.

We would like to remind everyone to make sure to do the following steps before updating to ensure that when the update happens, your changes won’t be overwritten:

– Make a backup of your project.
– Make a backup of your Generator folder if you edited it.

The following things are the incoming features, changes and fixes for 1.2.0

New Features

  • Implemented Dark Theme
  • Implemented Map Grid Options
  • Implemented Refresh Button for Plugin Manager.
  • Implemented Map zooming with CTRL + Scroll Wheel
  • Implemented Resource Manager DLC Button (Steam Only)
  • Implemented editor DPI Scaling on Windows
  • Implemented Batch Selection in resource manager including Batch file deletion and batch file importing.


  • The top left tile in the “B” tileset is changed to always be a “Star” passability. This is to ensure collisions work right.


  • Fixed Editor Tooltips appearing on the wrong monitor when using a multiple monitor setup.
  • Fixed a bug with animations that caused it to hide the target wrong.
  • Fixed a bug with memory leaks in the tiling sprite.
  • Fixed an issue with copying and pasting on IME keyboards.
  • Picture Rotation Event Command is now be able to rotate pictures counterclockwise using negative values.
  • Fixed a bug in resource manager that made it so files would not be overwritten if you imported a file with the same name.


Click for larger view.

Grid Optios



I’ve been working on a “super secret project” the last few days. This experience after not having used the editor for a while has reminded me of one thing: Sometimes, I’m dumb.

So, instead of wallowing in it, I’ve decided to share my dumbness, so that maybe, one of you will be spared from making the same dumb mistakes. That or you can laugh at me. One or the other.

1. Movement and Sound Effects.

Ok, so, say you want a sound effect to be associated with a certain movement. Like, for instance what I was doing was having a damage sound effect associated with a jump move route for the player.

So what you don’t want to do, is place it AFTER the movement. Because of the wait for completion, the sound effect won’t play until after the action is done.


And now, I’m sure you’re telling yourself. Yeah, but, why don’t you just put the Play SE IN the Movement Route.

Well, first… Hm… No… I got no answer. I’m dumb. You got me. So, going forward:

2. Remember that Movement Routes can do all kinds of cool things.

Who needs parallel processes when you can use custom move routes for a lot of things.

You can turn switches on and off, play sound effects, put in waits… you can even do a script call if you need to do something really interesting.


In the above, I controlled a timed set of switches, included playing the sound effects, all from a custom move route, rather than using the events actual contents.

3. When moving events or the player, always remember Through.

You know what happens if you make an event that tells the player or another event to move through something it can’t move through. Well if you didn’t click “skip if cannot move” then your game is going nowhere fast if you don’t turn on through.


Through lets the move route ignore barriers. Very useful in many cases, such as the above event which opened a secret passage. The event switched places with the event that slid out of the way, turning into the transfer event, while the other event just sat pretty being a visual of the piece of wall that moved. Which leads to another problem:

4. Just like Erase Event, moved events go back when you reload a map.

So I had my cool secret passage, but when I came back out… the wall was back in place and now my passage event is in the wrong place.


The wall was back where it originally was put, and because it had switched places before, the event that WAS slid under it to turn into the transfer was just hanging out there in the wrong place, too. I solved this by adding another page to the events that made the original transfer event become the wall and the wall become the transfer event after the first time you went through it, but I’m sure there are many other solutions to this problem. And finally, one last problem, this one somewhat unrelated:

5. When using the Color Codes for Text. It starts with ZERO.

So, you go to set up a huge puzzle that all has to do with color coded words and phrases and you are going good and have it all coded in and then suddenly. You notice. Your colors have betrayed you. Why is this?

Start counting at ZERO, not 1.


Seriously. I was so angry with myself. I mean, I just had to go through and subtract 1 from a bunch of numbers but uuuugh. So in the above: White is 0, blue is 1, red is 2, green is 3, etc. etc. Don’t fall into the same trap and spend 5 minutes fixing your mistakes.

So what mistakes do you make over and over? Or maybe you’ve done some of the same things I have? Tell me your stories in the comments below!