We’ve all seen it. Load up a game made by a friend, random stranger on the internet, company, whoever, and instead of starting to play, you are greeted with this:
The dreaded info dump. Now your eyes glaze over and you are force fed names and places and events that you will probably forget in about 5 minutes because they lack any context in the game world. You haven’t seen these place, these people, to understand any relationship with them.
Now don’t get me wrong, there are plenty of good games that start with an info dump scroll text: Xenogears, Final Fantasy VI, the above example of Castlevania: Symphony of the Night, and many more. But they sure weren’t made better by having this done.
But now that we’ve cut our info dump, how will we get all that information to the player? Organically through the game, and here are four ways you can do that:
If you were to ever wander around any part of the world, you’ll run across pieces of history. Castles in Europe, Cold War Era nuke shelters, the Sphinx! Need to talk about some important battle to make the current story make sense? Why not just have your party have to travel through the remnants of a town that was destroyed in the battle. This gives the characters plenty of time to talk about what had happened there in the past, without it just feeling like an info dump for info dumps sake.
Take the Northern Crater in Final Fantasy VII. It is a physical part of the world that illustrates the landing of JENOVA on the planet. It is a place that exists in the world that has the history tied to it, allowing discussion of that history to come up much more organically, even when most of the discussion happened before you got there, it’s existence as a destination fueled that discussion.
Memorials share a lot in common with remnants, but instead of being left over from the past, people built them specifically to remember the past. A statue to a hero in a location they did something amazing, or where they were born, gives you plenty of opportunity to talk about them without breaking the flow of the game.
In Phantasy Star IV, for instance, you can find a statue of Alis Landsdale, the hero of Phantasy Star I. This gives the game an opportunity to tell you about past events naturally.
#3: Character Reactions
History, especially recent history, has impact on characters. If two countries have been at war off and on for the last 100 years, how do you think a character from one country would react to a character from another? Take Knights of the Old Republic 2 for example. Think about the very different reactions that Atton Rand and Bao Durr have to Jedi.
Both of their reactions inform the player about the events that took place during the player character’s exile. Bao Dur has respect for you because of his personal experience, while Atton is distrustful of Jedi because of what he ended up doing during the Jedi Civil War. Their reactions to things in the galaxy helped tell the story of the history that is effecting the current events.
You have to be a bit more careful with books. Books, just like opening scrolling text, ARE infodumps. But you can use them in a lot different way than opening scrolling text. For one, books can be scattered throughout the game, meaning it doesn’t happen all at once. Second, books are generally OPTIONAL encounters.
Because of that, books are best to deliver supplemental information to the player. Don’t use them to tell information necessary to understand the plot, use them instead to fill in details about the backstory of the world that help shape the world, but don’t have a direct impact on the story. Ever read all the books in the video game Fable? Some of them are just silly, other ones impart stories about various characters in the game, such as Twinblade or the main character’s mother. Tons of extra knowledge about how the world works is buried in there. It’s a great place to put all that worldbuilding you did that isn’t part of the main story.
Infodumps are tempting. But nine times out of nine, there are way better ways to deliver the backstory of your game. Providing context around the backstory while including it organically in the game will not only be more natural, it will help the player remember it better.
Have any questions? Or maybe you have your own ideas on how to organically share information with the player! Join the conversation in the comments section below.